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  《兰州大学学报(社会科学版)》 2015, Vol. 43 Issue (2) :126-    DOI:
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  美国证人豁免制度的目的、 结构及其内在哲理省思
  徐磊
  中国政法大学 刑事司法学院,北京 100088
  Reflection upon the Purpose, Structure, and the Inherent Philosophy of the Witness Immunity System
  XU Lei
  College of Criminal Justice, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing 100088, China
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摘要 证人豁免制度的直接目的是准确查明案件事实、充分收集犯罪证据以及缉获犯罪嫌疑人。其深层目的是为公诉做准备,并为客观、公正地审判奠定基础,保证诉讼的质量和效果。而其根本目的则在于保障证人和被追诉人的法律主体地位,规制国家权力并维护公民权利。对抗制为证人豁免制度的产生和发展提供了结构性环境,而豁免证人以使其作证或者提供案件相关信息又促进诉讼双方进行激烈地对抗。证人豁免制度作为不得强迫自证其罪特免权发展过程中历史的必然产物,其目的与结构深刻地体现出法律实用主义的意蕴。
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关键词证人豁免制度   国家权力   公民权利   权力规制   权利保障   法律实用主义     
Abstract:  The direct purpose of the witness immunity system is to help ascertain the facts of the case, collect criminal evidence, and seize criminal suspects; the deep purpose of it is to get prepared for the public prosecution and lay foundations for objective and impartial trials to ensure the quality and effect of the lawsuit; and the fundamental purpose of it is to protect the legal subject status of the witness and the accused, regulate government power, and protect the rights of citizens. The adversarial system provides a structural basis for the emergence and development of witness immunity system. The witnesses have to testify or provide relevant information, which in turn makes both parties confront each other more fiercely. As an inevitable outcome of the privilege against self-incrimination as a legal basis for refusing to testify, witness immunity system caters to the essence of pragmatism.
Keywords the witness immunity system,   national power,   civil rights,   power regulation,   protection of rights,   legal pragmatism     
引用本文:   
.美国证人豁免制度的目的、 结构及其内在哲理省思[J]  《兰州大学学报(社会科学版)》, 2015,V43(2): 126-
.Reflection upon the Purpose, Structure, and the Inherent Philosophy of the Witness Immunity System[J]  JOURNAL OF LANZHOU UNIVERSITY (SOCIAL SCIENCES), 2015,V43(2): 126-
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