Abstract： The religion narrated in The Water Margin is not orthodox Taoism or Buddhism, nor is the mixture of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism; rather, it is the White Lotus, characteristic of folk religions. The time, place, name and logos addressed in the novel all imply and indicate the religious beliefs of the White Lotus and its historical activities, proving that The Water Margin is a memoir of the Red Turban Rebellion organized and led by the White Lotus at the end of the Yuan Dynasty. The outlaws and bandits portrayed in The Water Margin are the mirror images of the followers of the White Lotus. The motto held by the heroes or brothers in The Water Margin is“Right wrongs in accordance with heaven’ s decree” , which identifies the motto of“do heavenly righteousness”held by the Red Turban army. The Water Margin is an imagined narrative world.
张同胜. 《水浒传》 的宗教记忆： 白莲教的叙述与想象[J]. 《兰州大学学报（社会科学版）》, 2015, 43(1): 43-.
ZHANG Tong-sheng. Religious Memory of The Water Margin: the Narration and Imagination of the White Lotus. JOURNAL OF LANZHOU UNIVERSITY (SOCIAL SCIENCES), 2015, 43(1): 43-.